what is meant by type 2 diabetes ?

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type 2 diabetes
 ? what is meant by type 2 diabetes   

Type 2 diabetes may be a chronic condition that affects the way the body receives sugar (glucose), which is a crucial source of energy for your body.

When you have type 2 diabetes, your body resists the effect of insulin, a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar in cells or doesn't produce enough insulin to take care of a traditional glucose level.

Type 2 diabetes is understood as adult diabetes, but today an increasing number of youngsters suffer from this disorder, possibly as a result of increased obesity in children. there's no cure for type 2 diabetes, but losing weight, eating healthy food and exercising can help control diabetes. 

If diet and exercise aren't sufficient permanently blood glucose control, you'll also need diabetes medication or insulin therapy.

Symptoms of ype 2 diabetes

you'll have had type 2 diabetes for years without even knowing it. searching for:

• Increased thirst
• frequent urination
• Increased feeling of hunger
• Unintended weight loss
• exhaustion
• Blurred vision

• Sores are slow to heal
• Frequent infection
• Areas of dark skin, usually on the neck or under the armpits
• When to ascertain a doctor
• Please see your doctor if you notice symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
• the reasons.

Type 2 diabetes happens when the body gets impervious to insulin or when the pancreas can't create sufficient insulin. it's not known exactly why this happens, although genetic and environmental factors, like weight gain and rest, appear to be contributing factors.

How does insulin work

Insulin may be a hormone that comes from the gland located behind and under the stomach (pancreas). The pancreas secretes insulin into the bloodstream.

Insulin travels with the bloodstream, allowing sugar to enter your cells. Insulin lowers the quantity of sugar within the bloodstream. When the blood glucose level decreases, the insulin secretion from the pancreas also decreases.

The role of glucose

  • Glucose - a kind of sugar - may be a major source of energy for the cells that structure muscles and other tissues.

  •  Glucose comes from two main sources: food and therefore the liver.

  •  Sugar is absorbed into the bloodstream. It enters cells with the assistance of insulin.

  • The liver stores and makes glucose.

  •  When your glucose levels are low as if you haven't eaten for a short time, your liver breaks down glycogen into glucose to stay your glucose level within the normal range.

  •  In type 2 diabetes, this process isn't performed correctly. rather than transporting sugar into cells, it builds up within the bloodstream. As blood glucose levels increase, the insulin-producing beta cells within the pancreas produce more insulin, but eventually, these cells become weak and can't produce enough insulin to satisfy the body's requirements.

  •  In less common type 1 diabetes, the system mistakenly destroys the beta cells.

Risk factors of type 2 diabetes

Factors that will increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes include :

  • The weight. Being overweight is one of the most risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes. However, it's not necessary to be overweight to develop type 2 diabetes.

  • Fat distribution. If fat is stored within the abdominal area, an individual's risk of developing type 2 diabetes is above storing it elsewhere, like the hips or thighs. the danger of developing type 2 diabetes is higher if the person may be a man with a waist circumference of quite 40 inches (101.6 cm) or a lady whose waist circumference is bigger than 35 inches 88.9 cm .

  • Lack of activity (lethargy). The less active you're, the greater your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps you control your weight because it uses glucose for energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin.

  • Family history. the danger of developing type 2 diabetes increases if one among your parents or siblings has type 2 diabetes.

  • Sweat. Although the cause is unclear, people of some races, including blacks, Hispanics, and Indo-Americans, are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes compared to the White race.

  • Omar. the danger of developing type 2 diabetes increases as you grow old, especially after the age of 45. this is often mostly because people tend to scale back exercise, lose muscle mass, and gain weight with age. But type 2 diabetes also increases dramatically among children, teens, and young adults.

  • Prediabetes. Pre-diabetes may be a condition during which the blood glucose level is above normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. If left untreated, prediabetes often develops into type 2 diabetes.

  • Pregnancy diabetes. If you develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy, your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases. If you give birth to a baby who weighs quite 9 pounds (4 kilograms), you're also in danger of developing type 2 diabetes.

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